6G will enable innovative and futuristic use cases that, when deployed at scale, will transform the way we live and work in remarkable ways.
Imagine an average day in the 2030s. You start the day with your home robot bringing your favorite cup of tasty morning coffee. You scan the news on your mixed reality mobile device, zooming in on photos and videos of interest. You put on your smart exoskeleton suit which helps maintain good posture during your daily activities. As you set off for your morning commute, your electronic watchdog begins its in-home care service alerting its networked community counterparts to be on the lookout for intruders in the neighborhood.
You get into your self-guided vehicle and as your personal bot opens up the main tasks of the day, you recall how rush hour delays and traffic jams are all ‘in the rearview’. Your personal caretaker assistant keeps track of your surroundings and surroundings and guides you through your day. You quickly consult your digital financial assistant and he explains his decision-making process for a recommended investment.
In the medical center where you work, patients are used to being treated by robotic first responders and having their health issues and even minor surgeries managed remotely. While you’re at it, drones deliver packages to your smart home, where lights, devices, temperature, and security automatically buzz. As you end your day, you have more free time than ever to entertain yourself, like multisensory virtual reality experiences of distant places or events and holographic calls with family and friends. As you get ready to go to bed, your smart speakers project noise walls around the house, allowing for peaceful sleep. You wonder how you could have lived without these “essential devices”.
Laying the foundations for 6G
Making this exciting dream scenario a reality will require the advanced network attributes of 6G: exceptional data rates, low latency, secure reliability, agility and dynamic insight. 6G mobile networks will have to manage many complex and demanding processes, services and functions. To do this dynamically and automatically, 6G networks will need to harness many cutting-edge technologies, such as artificial intelligence (AI), machine learning (ML), cognitive networks, post-quantum cryptography, and automation based on the Internet of Things (IoT). . They will also need an unprecedented level of network security, reliability and privacy protection to fully realize the compelling use cases we see on the horizon.
Ericsson believes that five key technological elements will drive the evolution of the mobile network towards 2030 and beyond:
- On-board sensors will enable digital representations creating digital twins of both humans and physical objects as well as their environments, paving the way for the convergence of the physical and digital worlds.
- This future network will be powered by unlimited connectivity that will dynamically adapt to achieve an agile, robust, resilient and open network framework.
- The future network will also be powered by cognitive AI networks capable of optimizing their own performance through continuous observation while acting autonomously.
- The convergence of computing technologies will foster a unified network computing ecosystem that seamlessly connects users of the air interface, internet, cloud services, and devices.
- Confidential computing and the principles of the Zero Trust architecture will ensure the safety, security, resiliency and privacy of 6G and other future networks.
Network operators, service providers, policymakers, government officials, social influencers, business leaders and other key decision makers should take the time to familiarize themselves with these key technology trends as they are essential for enabling the spectacular societal transformation that 6G promises.
Prepare for the quantum leap of 6G
Looking ahead to 6G, the United States can play a leadership role in this crucial technological transformation. It means working with industry to help drive the key technologies, capabilities, infrastructure and standards that are needed to create cost-effective, secure, reliable and powerful 6G wireless networks. Forming public-private partnerships (PPP) can help provide access to the finance, technologies, experts and skills needed to accelerate 6G research and development. While some early versions of the major technological building blocks discussed here are already available as part of 5G, 6G will amplify them to a whole new level. Next-generation mobile networks will serve as an indispensable and comprehensive innovation platform capable of serving the smart, sustainable and connected world of tomorrow.
In its recently released white paper, “Mobile Communications Beyond 2020: The Evolution of 5G to the Next G,” 5G Americas provides a comprehensive overview and analysis of technology trends, use cases, challenges and opportunities that society faces as mobile communications networks evolve. beyond 5G.
As a leading trade association, 5G Americas facilitates and champions the advancement and transformation of LTE, 5G and beyond across the Americas. This detailed 56-page report, presenting the contributions of the major providers and providers of telecommunications services, can be viewed here.